Executive Functions: Academic Skills and Gender Differences

Author: Milton J. Dehn
Published on Schoolhouse Educational Services: November 20, 2023


This study investigated the relations between executive functions and three levels of academic skills, as well as the extent of gender differences in executive skills. The subjects were 1,000 children aged 5-18. The measure was the teacher rating form of the recently released McCloskey Executive Functions Scale (MEFS). The level of skill development on all nine executive functions clusters was significantly different between students with below average, average, and above average academic skill rankings.

There were also significant differences between males and females on most executive functions clusters, with the most significant differences occurring during the preschool, middle, and high school years.

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